defence mechanisms

Unconscious psychological mechanisms, delineated by Sigmund Freud , that the ego uses to defend the individual from unacceptable instinctual impulses which must be hidden from consciousness. Best-known are repression and projection ; others include regression, reaction formation , introjection, and displacement . Although widely criticized, these concepts have been incorporated into everyday psychological understandings. See also psychoanalysis.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Защитные механизмы (defence mechanisms) — З. м. это психол. стратегии, с помощью к рых люди избегают или снижают интенсивность таких негативных состояний, как конфликт, фрустрация, тревога и стресс. Поскольку предполагается, что большинство людей мотивировано к сокращению и ослаблению… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • defence mechanism — defence mechanisms N COUNT A defence mechanism is a way of behaving or thinking which is not conscious or deliberate and is an automatic reaction to unpleasant experiences or feelings such as anxiety and fear …   English dictionary

  • Defence mechanism — For the biological concept, see Antipredator adaptation. Part of a series of articles on Psychoanalysis …   Wikipedia

  • Defence mechanism (biology) — Many plants and animals have developed physical defence mechanisms (American English). (British spelling; defense mechanisms)AnimalsGrazing animals often feed in herds. When a predator attacks, the animals in different directions, often confusing …   Wikipedia

  • defence mechanism — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms defence mechanism : singular defence mechanism plural defence mechanisms 1) a reaction in your mind that makes you forget things that are unpleasant to think about 2) a reaction in your body that protects you… …   English dictionary

  • defence mechanism — the means whereby an undesirable impulse can be avoided or controlled. Many defence mechanisms have been described, including repression, projection, reaction formation, sublimation, and splitting. They may be partly responsible for such problems …   Medical dictionary

  • defence mechanism — the means whereby an undesirable impulse can be avoided or controlled. Many defence mechanisms have been described, including repression, projection, reaction formation, sublimation, and splitting. They may be partly responsible for such problems …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Defence policy — is public policy dealing with international security and the military. It comprises the measures and initiatives that governments do or do not take in relation to decision making and strategic goals, such as when and how to commit national armed… …   Wikipedia

  • Defence of the Realm Act 1914 — Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to confer on His Majesty in Council power to make Regulations during the present War for the Defence of the Realm. Statute …   Wikipedia

  • defence mechanism — Unconscious psychological mechanisms, delineated by Sigmund Freud , that the ego uses to defend the individual from unacceptable instinctual impulses which must be hidden from consciousness. Best known are repression and projection ; others… …   Dictionary of sociology

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